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 INSECTS & SPIDERS

Wild Stroud is home to some incredible species in the South Downs National Park.

BEES 

We see many bee species from bumble bees through to the smaller solitary mining bees. 

Of the bumble bees we have the colourful early bumble bee and tree bumble bee. Other bumbles include the red-tailedbuff-tailed and common carder bees 

In addition are a host of other bees including the honey beeivy beeashy mining beetawney mining beered mason beeblue mason beepatchwork leaf-cutter beesharp-tailed bee, and various nomad bees. 

Image 51 Early bumblebee

EARLY BUMBLE BEE

Image 50 Tree bee

TREE BUMBLE BEE

9 DSC_5703 Red mason bee at drilled hole EC --

RED MASON BEE

6 DSC_1946 Buff-tailed bumble bee EC

 BUFF TAILED BUMBLE BEE

8 DSC_2018 Carder bee on bramble flwr EC

COMMON CARDER BEE

Image 53 Ashy mining bee emerging from burrow

ASHY MINING BEE

OTHER INSECTS 

There are so many other insects found in Stroud including many dragonfliesbeetleswaspsichneumon flieshover and other true fliesscorpion fliesmayfliescaddisfliesearwigsbush-crickets and grasshopperslacewingsants, and many true bugs. Too many to list individuals here. 

Image 54 Common darter dragonfly

 DRAGONFLIES

7 Ground beetle on deck

BEETLES

13 Wasp on blackberry

WASPS

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 ICHNEUMON FLIES

5 DSC_1889 Large caddis at trap EC Reduced

CADDISFLIES

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EARWIGS

10 DSC_1557 Dark bush-cricket head view ECC

 BUSH-CRICKETS

12 Common green grasshopper Omocestus viridulus

GRASSHOPPERS

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LACEWINGS

Clegg horsefly on village green

 CLEGG HORSEFLY

Normally feeding on livestock, this clegg found my bare skin on the village green and took a nourishing drink of my blood.

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 ANTS

SPIDERS  

Not everybody likes a spider, but they are fascinating creatures all the same.  We have many different spiders in the parish, they live in our homes, outbuildings, our gardens, hedgerows, and open countryside. 

On a sunny day in winter, we see shimmering sheets of webs across grass fields where money spiders have been ballooning into new territories. In our houses and sheds we have several species of large house spiders that we see running across our floors and also their predators the long-legged cellar or daddy-long-legs spiders.  Look out also for mouse spiders and false widow spiders. The tiny zebra jumping spiders run around our outside walls where they are warmed by the sun. 

On the sides of our sheds, we find the small missing-sector spiders and the flattened walnut orb weaver. Many spiders find our gardens and open spaces attractive including the garden spider, the four-spotted orb-web spider in its various colour forms, marbled orb-web spiders, and others. Out in the open will be wolf spiders and nursery web spiderslabyrinth spiders, and more.  

I must mention the spectacular and very large wasp spider with its black and yellow stripes and although I have never seen one in the parish, I have seen one only about 2-3 metres outside of the parish boundary and on the verge alongside the Winchester Road not far from the A3 junction. 

Sitting on ox-eye daisies and below thistle flowers we find flower crab spiders waiting for insects to land, trip their web strands, and be caught. Most are white to match white flowers, but they can be greenish, mauve, or even bright yellow, mimicking the colours of other flowers.

Image 55 Money spider silk threads

 MONEY SPIDER SILK THREADS

Image 59 Giant house spider

HOUSE SPIDER

16 Daddylonglegs cellar spider

CELLAR OR DADDY LONG LEGS

Image 56 Mouse spider

MOUSE SPIDER

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FALSE WIDOW SPIDER

Image 58 Zebra jumping spider

ZEBRA JUMPING SPIDER

8 Missing sector spider web

MISSING SECTOR SPIDER

Image 57 Walnut orbweb spider

WALNUT ORBWEB SPIDER

5 Garden cross spider

GARDEN SPIDER

7 Four spotted orbweb spdr in tent nest in heather

FOUR SPOTTED ORB-WEB SPIDER

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MARBLED ORB WEB SPIDER

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WOLF SPIDER

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NURSERY WEB SPIDER

10 DSC_4320 Agelena labyrinthica labyrinth spider Reduced

LABYRINTH SPIDER

DSC_2057 Wasp spider 2 -- EC Reduced

WASP SPIDER

The wasp spider is a Mediterranean species first found in the UK in the 1920s. I have seen one 2-3m outside of our parish boundary but not yet within. This photograph was taken on Petersfield Heath where there is a strong colony.

15 DSC_1738 Xisticus crab spdr on oxeye

CRAB SPIDER

DSC_8230 Crab spdr close of face E

FLOWER CRAB SPIDER

HARVESTMAN

Harvestman look like spiders having eight legs but have rotund bodies where their head, thorax and abdomen are fused into one (whereas spiders have a combined head and thorax and a separate abdomen) and many have very long legs and hunt for smaller prey in grassland and woodland leaf litter. There are many species in the parish, and some can found by taking a torch out at night.  

7 Paroligolophus agrestis Harvestman

HARVESTMAN